The seven World Wonders list of the ancient times was initially recorded approximately in the 2nd century BC. The earliest citation to the concept of the Seven Wonders of the World is discovered in History of Herodotus that dates back to the 5th century BC. Afterward, Greek historians recorded the greatest and the most significant monuments of that particular period as the World Wonders. Later, Callimachus of Cyrene, who was the head librarian of the Alexandria Museum, composed “A Collection of Wonders around the World”. But sadly, all that we are aware of about this particular book is its name, because it got completely destroyed together with the Alexandria Library.
The ultimate record of the Seven World Wonders was created in the course of the Middle Ages. This particular list consisted of the seven greatest and the most eminent monuments of the Ancient Times, a few of which scarcely lived on till the Middle Ages. The earliest citations to the canonical record included Johann Fischer von Erlach’s History of Architecture and the depictions by the Dutch artist Maerten van Heemskerck (1498-1574).
At present, archaeological substantiation exposes a few of the secrets that encircled the chronicle of the World Wonders for the past centuries. For their designers, the Seven Wonders of the World were a commemoration of mythology, religion, power, science and art. For common people, they manifest the human capability of transforming the neighboring landscape by constructing colossal yet breathtaking monuments, which successfully survived nature as well as human invasion till the present day.
The ancient list of the World Wonders included the Pyramids of Giza (which is considered to be the most ancient wonder and it still exists today), the Hanging Gardens of Babylon, the Statue of Zeus at Olympia, the Temple of Artemis at Ephesus, the Mausoleum of Halicarnassus, the Pharos of Alexandria and the Colossus of Rhodes.